Sparta is among the most significant cities of southern Peloponnese. It is the capital of both the prefecture of Laconia, and the province of Lacedaemon. It is a rather new city, it was established in 1834. Sparta is located below the majestic tops of mount Taygetos and at the northern part of river Evrotas. Its urban planning is very good. The prefectures' largest part of ctus and oil production is concentrated in the areas of Sparta and Gytheion ran by Evrotas. Sparta is 225km from Athens.