The Peloponnese peninsula is the southernmost part of Greece, as well as of the European continent. Its morphology ranges from mountainous with mountain chains riven by deep gorges and rivers to regular with its jagged coastline and vast beaches. Up until 1894, the Peloponnese was connected with mainland Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth. A modern bridge currently serves this purpose, and this location attracts thousands of tourists every year.
Peloponnese is mostly mountainous (Taygetos, Parnonas, Arcadian mountains, Erymanthos, Panachaikon, Killini).
However forms large and fertile plains (Messinia, Ilia, Argolida).
The Peloponnese major rivers are the Evrotas, Selinountas, Pineios, and, Alfios, and the lakes are the Stymphalian, Feneos, the lagoon Agoulinitsa and some other smaller ones.
Peloponnese mainly produces cereals, wine, pulses, oil especially in Mani, raisins in the north and west, garden products in the Argolid, fruits and especially figs in Messinia, tobacco, citrus, etc. It has speciality in animal husbandry, and also in silkworms breeding.
Main industrial centres of the Peloponnese are Patras, Kalamata, Pyrgos, Nafplion, and Aigio.
During prehistoric years, Peloponnese was inhabited by pre-Hellenic tribes, most common ones, were, the Pelasgians, later was inhabited by Achaeans and Ionians, it was the center of a great civilization, which flourished in Mycenae.
In the end of the 12 century BC, Dorians conquered the largest part of Peloponnese.
During time distinguished between the Spartans, who created one of the greatest communities in the history of all Greece.
Peloponnese attracts thousand of tourists every year, who arrive to admire the large number and the wide variety of attractions offered: beautiful towns, listed stone villages, historical churches and monasteries, exceptional archaeological sites, and, of course, endless beaches, as well as mountainous tourist resorts making the Peloponnese an ideal destination all year long.